Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

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Topic Overview

Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher for his or her age—or whose weight is more than 120% of ideal—and who has two of the following risk factors needs to be tested for type 2 diabetes every 3 years:footnote 1

  • A parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
  • The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
  • Hispanic, African-American, Native American, Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
  • Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:

If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes (prediabetes), the test should be repeated 3 months later to find out whether your child has developed diabetes. If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise, he or she may not develop diabetes.

For more information, see the Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in Children.

References

Citations

  1. American Diabetes Association (2015). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2015. Diabetes Care, 38(Suppl 1): S1–S93.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381–389.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerStephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology

Current as ofFebruary 4, 2015