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mineral supplement provides a variety of nutrients
that are also found in food. These supplements are often called multivitamins.
They come in the form of pills, chewable tablets, powders, and liquids.
A standard multivitamin usually contains:
Some multivitamins also contain other ingredients that
aren't vitamins or minerals. These include substances such as the
antioxidants lutein and lycopene.
The best way to get the
vitamins and minerals you need is by eating a wide variety of healthy foods. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk and milk products, and seafood as part of a nutritious food plan. A
supplement can't make up for unhealthy eating habits. But sometimes even people
who have healthy eating habits find it hard to get all the fruits, vegetables,
and other healthy foods they need. A supplement can help fill in the
Certain people are more likely to need a supplement. They
Many supplements are advertised as being
specially designed for men or for women or for certain age groups. A standard
multivitamin is okay for most people who take a supplement. But some people prefer
to take a supplement that is made for their gender or age group.
Types of specialized supplements include:
When you think
about buying a dietary supplement, be sure to check the claims that the manufacturers
make. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate dietary
supplements in the same way that it regulates medicines. This means that
supplements can be sold without research on how well, or even if, they work.
Here are some things to consider:
The Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) supports research and
disseminates research results in the area of dietary supplements. The ODS also
provides advice to other federal agencies regarding research results related to
Other Works Consulted
American Dietetic Association (ADA) (2009). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrient supplementation. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(12): 2074–2085. Available online: http://www.eatright.org/WorkArea/linkit.aspx?LinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=8445.
Gallagher ML (2012). Intake: The nutrients and their metabolism. In LK Mahan et al., eds., Krause's Food and the Nutrition Care Process, 13th ed., pp. 32–128. St. Louis: Saunders.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2008). FDA 101: Dietary Supplements. Available online: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm050803.htm.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2009). Fortify Your Knowledge About Vitamins. Available online: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm118079.htm.
Current as of:
January 14, 2014
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
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