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The two most common bacteria found in the diagnosis of
toxic shock syndrome (TSS) are Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep) or Staphylococcus aureus (staph). In
some cases of TSS, the strep or staph bacteria may cause a serious infection in
the body, such as
Strep TSS is not as likely as staph TSS to come back. A person with
staph TSS has an increased chance for getting it again.
Strep TSS may be related to:
But strep TSS can develop in people who have no risk
Symptoms of strep TSS include:
Group A strep bacteria can be identified by
cultures from a sample of blood or
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or by a tissue
biopsy. Cultures from the throat, the
vagina, or a
sputum sample may also contain the bacteria.
In adults, staph may be part of the normal body bacteria on the
skin and in the nose and vagina. More than 90% of adults have developed
antibodies to the staph bacteria toxin that causes
TSS.footnote 1 For those who have not developed an immunity and
contract a staph infection, toxic shock syndrome may be related to:
Symptoms of staph TSS include:
Que Y-A, Moreillon P (2010). Staphylococcus aureus (including staphylococcal toxic shock). In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 2, pp. 2543–2578. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerDennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease
Current as ofJune 4, 2014
Current as of:
June 4, 2014
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Dennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease
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