Skip to Content
Home > Wellness > Health Library > Lyme Disease: Role of Blood Tests
If you were exposed to ticks and you get an expanding, circular rash (erythema migrans), your doctor may treat you for Lyme disease without doing a blood test. Blood tests done in the first few weeks may not show Lyme disease even when you have the illness. This is because the body's immune system
responds slowly to the bacteria that cause Lyme disease. Blood tests may
antibodies to the disease even though the infection
may be present. So a negative test result at this stage does not rule out a
diagnosis of Lyme disease.
Blood tests may be used if you have symptoms of later Lyme disease,
such as problems involving the joints, heart, or nervous system. But
commonly done blood tests can't tell the difference between an active infection and
a past infection that was treated and cured. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test can tell whether you have an active Lyme disease infection, but it is not available in many places.
Current as of:
June 4, 2014
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Christine Hahn, MD - Epidemiology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
250 Pleasant Street
Concord, NH 03301
Contact Concord Hospital
View Quality Data
© 2015 Concord Hospital